Ant 128A: Team Projects
Kinship and Social Organization (4 units)
Winter Quarter 2006
(11:00-11:50 MWF, & 1:10-2:00 F, 192 Young Hall; CRN #73430
Anthropology & Graduate Group in Ecology
218 Young Hall; [firstname.lastname@example.org; phone 754-4770]
I. Assignment: back to top
Your assignment as a research team is the following:
Use the Expanded Academic Index ASAP (Infotrac) or another of the on-line electronic databases available through the library to search for journal articles by keywords or author names, locating the most recent, primary literature on your topic. Primary literature means original research articles in scholarly journals or books. Experiment with different keywords and keyword combinations, and check if authors cited in your text have published articles subsequent to those mentioned by the assigned sources. If necessary, consult with a reference librarian. If you are lost, unsure of the topic or its boundaries, please talk with me. You are looking for (1) a few, key theoretical articles, and (2) for the most recent empirical work on the subject.
When you have found several relevant articles, read them and prepare an annotated bibliography. It should have complete citations and a one paragraph summary of the most important contribution(s) of each article. It must be typed in a neat and reasonably compact form, for distribution to your classmates. In the header to the handout give the topic, your names, and the date of your presentation.
Plan to meet with me during my regular office hours one week prior to your presentation. By the date of this meeting, you should have a draft of your annotated bibliography and any other handouts, and a preliminary, written outline of your plan for the class presentation. I encourage you to have a variety of ideas about how you might present the material, lead a discussion and field questions. Part of your grade will depend on arranging and attending this meeting.
(b) Based on your research, you are to prepare an oral presentation of approximately 40 minutes for the class. Please prepare an outline of your presentation (to lessen the need of classmates to take notes). Bring copies of your annotated bibliography of sources.
You may arrange your presentation however you wish. However, I would encourage you to center your presentation on empirical results, to the extent possible. What studies have been done on this topic? What are the methodologies and the conclusions? Is this evidence reliable? Are investigators in agreement on the topic? Finally, how is this relevant to us? You may use class activities or surveys (conducted in advance and only after conferring with me about privacy issues), brief video presentations if they exist, or any other appropriate means. Be creative. If you use PowerPoint, please minimize the special effects (you might want to look up a copy of Edward Tufte's essay, The Cognitive Style of Power Point).
You should also have prepared a set of at least five discussion questions to ask of your classmates. Avoid questions of fact and ask rather for synthesis, interpretation or opinion (For instance, How does this idea fit with this other idea? How reliable are the conclusions of this study? What are the implications of accepting this idea? Is this set of observations consistent with your experience?).
II. Research Objectives: back to top
Your goal is to present and critically summarize interesting and original research on the assigned topic (e.g., anthropological analyses of the incest taboo). Your research presentation should cover at least the following:
a) The topic or problem under investigation, theory and concepts, and the nature and quality of the sources that you have located (5-10 minutes). For instance, your problem might be, with what frequency and in what circumstances do people form polyandrous mating systems? You can assume that your classmates have done the assigned reading, so will not need to repeat materials found there. Your goal is to educate them beyond those materials.
b) The empirical observations that are the subject of investigation, and the interpretations (analyses, explanations) that are advanced by the authors you read. Please, if you feel it is warranted, approach the material (including the textual interpretations) critically. Keep in mind that clear, detailed presentation and concrete examples will make your presentation more vivid. You will be able to cover only a limited amount of material and do it in satisfying detail. Include a glossary, illustrations, graphs or tables in your handout, if they will help in your presentation (approx 25 minutes). If you use graphics, be sure to leave time to explain them, giving your audience a guided "tour" of the axes, legends, content and interpretation.
c) Leave approximately 5 minutes at the end for questions and discussion with the class. Come prepared with your own questions, should your classmates prove reticent.
Finally, you are encouraged to develop at least a part of your presentation around topics or themes of your own choosing, so long as they are related generally to the materials assigned to the class for your session.
III. Grading: back to top
You will be graded on:
IV. Schedule and Starter Citations: back to top
Social Structure and Behavior: Sex
11. M 30 Mar
T: Who is available? (incest);
12. W 1 Feb
T: Who is desirable? (mate choice);
Social Structure and Behavior: Marriage back to top
13. F 3 Feb
|T: How many wives? (polygyny);
T: How many husbands? (polyandry);
T: Marriage & its discontents (divorce);
Social Structure and Behavior: Family back to top
T: How many children? (demog transitions);
T: Boys or girls?;
T: How many mothers? (alloparenting);
T: How many fathers? (multiple paternity);
Social Evolution back to top
21. F 24 Feb
T: Case: The !Kung San
Draper, P. and Hames, R.B. 2000 Birth order, sibling investment, and fertility among Ju/'Hoansi (!kung). Human Nature 11: 117-156.
Draper, P. and Kranichfeld. 1990 Coming in from the Bush: Settled life by the !Kung and their accommodation to Bantu Neighbors. Human Ecology 18: 363-385; Lee, R.B. 1979 The !Kung San: Men, Women, and Work in a Foraging Society. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
T: Topic: HG Egalitarianism
Draper, P. 1975 !Kung women: Contrasts in sexual egalitarianism in foraging and sedentary contexts. In Toward an Anthropology of Women edited by R.R. Reiter, pp. 77-109. Monthly Review Press, New York.
Cashdan, E.A. 1980 Egalitarianism Among Hunters and Gatherers. American Anthropologist 82: 116-120. Leacock, E. 1978 Women's status in egalitarian society: Implications for social evolution. Current Anthropology 19: 247-275.
Lee, R.B. 1982 Politics, sexual and non-sexual, in an egalitarian society. In Politics and History in Band Societies edited by E. Leacock and R.B. Le, pp. 37-59. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
T: Case: The Tsembaga Maring
Rappaport, R.A. 1971 The Flow of Energy in an Agricultural Society. Scientific American225: 116-132.
Rappaport, R. A. 1968. Pigs for the Ancestors. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Rappaport, R.A. 1967 Ritual regulation of environmental relations among a New Guinea people. Ethnology VI: 17-30.
T: Topic: Warfare
Beckerman, S. and Lizarralde, R. 1995 State-tribal warfare and male-biased casualties among the Bari. Current Anthropology 36: 497-500.
Ember, M. and Ember, C.R. 1994 Prescriptions for peace: Policy implications of cross-cultural research on war and interpersonal violence. Cross-Cultural Research 28: 343-350.
Shankman, P. 1991 Culture contact, cultural ecology and Dani warfare. Man 26: 299-321.
T: Case: The Inka
Sources in Johnson & Earle
T: Topic: Evolution of religion & ideology
Conrad, Geoffrey, and Arthur A. Demarest. 1984. Religion and Empire: The Dynamics of Aztec and Inca Expansionism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
T: Case: Taitou
Yang, M. 1945. A Chinese Village: Taitou, Shantung Province. New York: Columbia U. Press
T: Topic: Intensive agriculture households
Cleveland, D.A. 1998 Balancing on a planet: Toward an agricultural anthropology for the twenty- first century. Human Ecology 26: 323-339+.
Wilk, R.R. and Stone, M.P. 1998 Introduction to a very human ecology: Celebrating the work of Robert McC. Netting. Human Ecology26: 175-188.
Netting, R.M. 1993 Smallholders, Householders: Farm Families and the Ecology of Intensive, Sustainable Agriculture. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.